What is different about Cognitive Therapy?
The other major models of emotional disturbances include the psychoanalysis,behavioral, and neuropsychiatric schools. While these have important differences with each other, they also have an important similarity: They all assume that emotional disturbances are caused by forces that the patient cannot either see or influence - or both. These may be repressed unconscious factors, hidden conditioned reflexes, or biological imbalances. These models all depend on the therapist to discover and resolve them.
Cognitive Therapy, on the other hand, is based on the assumption that emotional disturbances arise from thoughts that are created in order to interpret and react to specific events. These thoughts are accessible by the patient. In Cognitive Therapy, the therapist doesn't identify and treat these. Instead, the patient is guided to discover, examine, and modify them in a manner that the patient determines to be appropriate and functional.